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Timeline - Greece
Timeline - Crete


Personalities 1941

British Personalities


  • Sir Winston Churchill - Prime Minister and Minister for Defence

  • Anthony Eden - Foreign Secretary

  • Sir Alexander Cadogan – Permanent Under-Secretary at the Foreign Office

  • Sir Miles Lampson – British High Commissioner in Egypt

  • Lord Cranbrook


  • Sir Michael Palairet – British Ambassador to Greece

  • Harold Caccia – First Secretary at the British Legation (Crete?)


  • General Wavell – Commander-in-Chief of the Middle East

  • General Arthur Smith - Wavell’s Chief of the General Staff at GHQ Middle East

  • General Dill – Commander- in-Chief of the Imperial General Staff

  • General Maitland ‘Jumbo’ Wilson - Commander “W” or Lustreforce- British Expeditionary Force to Greece 1941

  • Sir Francis De Guingand - junior staff officer

British Military Mission in Greece

  • Major General Gambier - Parry – head of British Military Mission to Greek army [well liked and trusted by Greek General Staff]

  • Colonel Jasper Blunt – British Military Attaché to Greece – only British officer to have reconnoitred the threatened North - East before the Greek General Staff vetoed further visits.

  • Major General T. G. Heywood replaced Gambier – Parry as Head – previously had been the Military attaché in Paris prior to the fall of France, unrealistically optimistic about the Greeks. [Not considered competent and distrusted by the Greek military.]

  • Major Stanley Casson – appointed ahead of Jasper Blunt- the obvious choice as senior intelligence officer by Heywood. Casson had been Reader in Classical Archaeology at New College Oxford and a former W.W.I. veteran- quite brilliant.

  • Colonel Quilliam – brought from GHQ Middle East by General Maitland Wilson to be his chief of intelligence in Greece because he was dissatisfied with Stanley Casson.

  • Prince Peter of Greece – British mission’s liaison officer with the Greek government. [He was King George II’s young cousin and anthropologist who had spent a long time in the Himalayas.] Anglophile

British Military Liaison to Greek Military Headquarters

  • Colonel Guy Salisbury-Jones – Chief of staff for operations

  • Lieutenant Colonel Peter Smith-Dorrien - Salisbury 2/IC

  • Michael Forrester - who distinguish himself in Crete as the leader of the irregulars in the battle against German paratroopers worked for Salisbury-Jones.

  • Charles Mott-Radclyffe – a diplomat turned soldier

  • Lieutenant Colonel A. R. Barter – leader of a British liaison team attached to the staff of General Tsolakoglou commanding the Western Macedonian Army. Barter spoke Greek and acted as the interpreter for a meeting between General Savige, commander of the 17th Brigade and General Tsolakoglou

MI (R) Military Intelligence (Research)
[Secret service] later was merged into SOE

  • Peter Fleming – traveller and writer brother of writer Ian Fleming was a reserve officer in the Grenadier Guards and head of the Yak Mission due for Yugoslavia but ended up in Greece training Greek resistance group and help with sabotage.

  • George Young - a sapper officer in Royal Engineers move to Roumania to blow up the Ploesti oilfields. [took part in a in a rearguard action in Crete]

  • John Pendlebury – archaeologist and one time curator of Knossos at Heraklion was sent to Greece under the guise of Vice-Consul. After the Italian invasion reverted to his cavalry captain’s uniform.

SOE or Special Operations Executive: [Secret Service]

  • George Pollock – head of SOE in Cairo

  • Monty Woodhouse – A classics scholar who spoke modern Greek was only 24 when he went to Greece in 1941 as part of the British Military Mission. During the occupation of Greece he worked for the Special Operations Executive or S.O.E. and spent the winter of 1941-42 helping allied soldiers hiding in Crete to escape. In 1942 he was working with Greek resistance fighters on the mainland hindering German supply lines to Egypt. By 1943 at the age of 26 he became a Colonel commanding the Allied military mission to the Greek resistance.

  • Nicholas Hammond – Another classics scholar who spoke modern Greek and Albania was also recruited to S.O.E. Born in 1907, he was ten years older than most of his contemporaries sent to Greece. He taught sabotage techniques to Greek communists blowing up the Gorgopotamos railway viaduct in November 1942. In 1943 disguised as a Vlach shepherd he conducted clandestine activities in Thessaly.

  • Patrick Leigh Fermor – attached himself t a Greek cavalry regiment during the Venizelist revolution in 1935 and later assisted the Cretan resistance.

  • Bill Barbrook

  • Ian Pirie – formerly of Section D – had a girl friend Nicki Demertzi, the devastating blonde at the Argentina night-club in Athens.

RAF Intelligence Staff

  • Wing Commander Viscount Forbes – head of RAF Intelligence formerly Air Attache in the Bucharest Legation

  • David Hunt – arrived in Athens in November 1940 – as staff captain intelligence he processed intercepts, both Ultra and the lower-grade but more immediate material.

  • Geoffrey Household – field security officer

  • Captain Bill Makower – British intelligence officer - Commander of the British 101 Wireless Section in the mosque at Elassona in northern Greece.